Gallbladder removal surgery, also known as a cholecystectomy, is a very common procedure.
The gallbladder is a small, pouch-like organ in the upper right part of your abdomen.
It stores bile, a fluid produced by the liver that helps break down fatty foods.
You don't need a gallbladder, so surgery to take it out is often recommended if you develop any problems with it.
Why does my gallbladder need to be removed
These are small stones that can form in the gallbladder as a result of an imbalance in the substances that make up bile.
Gallstones often cause no symptoms and you may not realise you have them, but occasionally they can block the flow of bile and irritate the gallbladder (acute cholecystitis) or pancreas (acute pancreatitis).
This can cause symptoms such as:
sudden and intense abdominal pain
feeling and being sick
Very occasionally it may be possible to take tablets to dissolve gallstones or try a ultra low fat diet, but surgery to remove the gallbladder is the most effective treatment in the vast majority of cases.
What happens during gallbladder removal surgery
There are 2 main ways of removing a gallbladder:
laparoscopic (keyhole) cholecystectomy – several small cuts (incisions) are made in your tummy (abdomen) and fine surgical instruments are used to access and remove your gallbladder
open cholecystectomy – a single larger incision is made in your tummy to access and remove your gallbladder
Keyhole surgery is used most often because you can leave hospital sooner, recover faster and are left with smaller scars than with an open procedure. Surgicare UK surgeons are Upper Gastrointestinal Surgical specialists and have very high completion records for keyhole surgery.
Both techniques are performed under general anaesthetic, which means you'll be asleep during the operation and won't feel any pain while it's carried out.
Recovering from gallbladder removal surgery
It doesn't usually take long to recover from keyhole surgery to remove your gallbladder.
Most people can leave hospital the same day or the next morning.
You'll probably be able to return to most of your normal activities within 2 weeks.
In the unlikely event of open surgery, you may need to stay in hospital for 3 to 5 days and it could be 6 to 8 weeks before you're feeling back to normal.
Living without a gallbladder
You can lead a perfectly normal life without a gallbladder.
Your liver will still make enough bile to digest your food, but instead of being stored in the gallbladder, it drips continuously into your digestive system.
You may have been advised to eat a special diet before surgery, but this doesn't need to be continued afterwards.
Some people experience problems such as bloating or diarrhoea after surgery, although this usually improves within a few weeks.
If you notice certain foods or drinks trigger these symptoms, you may wish to avoid them in the future.
Risks of gallbladder removal surgery
Gallbladder removal surgery is considered to be a safe procedure, but, like any type of surgery, there's a risk of complications, these are very rare.
Possible complications include:
bile leaking into the tummy
damage to one of the openings (ducts) carrying bile out of the liver
Speak to your surgeon about the benefits and risks of surgery before your operation.